收縮

工作時間

周一到周六:8:00-11:30
                    13:30-17:30

聯系方式

電話:0769-82262772
          0769-82262773

郵箱:[email protected]

官方微信公眾號

400-858-3336

Technology products

科技產品
足球場地建設方案
官方指導價:¥

人造草坪足球場


一、建設原則

當建造一個新體育場時,首先要考慮它的位置和比賽場地的方向。一般應選擇在陽光充足、空氣新鮮、地勢較高易于排水的地方,同時場地的縱軸應選定南北方向, 以便使運動員、觀眾和其他人員盡可能遠離強烈陽光的照射;力求體育場周圍有足夠空間,便于將來的發展;有靠近城市的公路和鐵路,使觀眾來去方便。另外,要 考慮和諧的周邊環境,并體現安全和舒適的原則。

 

二、建設要求



足球比賽場地必須絕對平整、自然,應當裝有完整的排水系統。

1. 場地線:比賽場地線至擋網的最短距離:距離邊線6米,距離球門線7.5米。在比賽場地邊線外應當有不小于1.5米寬的草皮邊緣。

2. 下水道:比賽場地必須有排水系統,以免因大雨而影響比賽進行。

3. 急救通道:具有救護車.消防車等直達場地的急救通道。

4. 場地周圍廣告牌:當建筑新的體育場時,必須注意場地周圍廣告牌的放置不可阻擋觀眾的視線。一般廣告牌的最大高度是90厘米,比賽場地線和廣告牌之間的最小距離是:邊線外5米、球門線后,角旗處為2米;球門區線相交處為3.5米。

5. 旗桿:體育場至少需安裝五根旗桿,或是配置至少能懸掛五面旗幟的相關設施。

 

三、足球場地規格

足球比賽場地是長方形,其長度不得大于120米或小于90米,寬度不得大于90米或小于45米。在任何情況下,長度必須超過寬度。國際足聯(FIFA)對認可場地的規格要求為105*68米 。

標準比賽場地長度的線稱為邊線,標準比賽場地寬度的線稱為端線。整個比賽場地由兩連條邊線和兩條端線圍成,各條線的寬度(12厘米)都包括在場地內(見圖一),并且周圍的緩沖區不少于2米。

四、地面要求

坡度朝兩邊4‰坡度朝四周4‰坡度朝兩端3



足球場規格示意圖

比賽場地地面應是龜背形傾斜,草坪場地傾斜度為4-5‰,這都有利于排水。為運動員比賽創造較好條件,使他們在比賽和訓練中做出合理沖撞的高難度動作時不發生傷害事故。

人造草坪的基礎建議采用經濟實惠的c25型水泥混凝土,厚度180mm200mm。

 

五、人造草坪對水泥基礎的質量要求

1、平整度:合格率在96%以上,5米直尺誤差3mm。

2、坡度:彎道8‰,直道5‰,表面應平坦光滑,保證排水。

 

3、強度和穩定性:表面均勻堅實.無裂縫無爛邊,接縫平直光滑,以6000mm*6000mm左右切塊為好。墊層壓實,密實度大于96%,在中型碾壓機壓過后,無顯著輪跡.浮土松散.波浪等現象。

4、隔水層:采用新加厚隔水薄膜,搭接處應大于200mm,邊沿余量大于150 mm。

5、保養期:基礎保養期為3-4周。

 

六、足球場地尺寸(單位:米)



七、標準人造草足球場地施工流程

 

A.施工方案

1、在人造草產品進場施工前,首先要對場地基礎的平整度、坡度和表面觀感進行檢測,其中平整度的誤差不得超過3M直尺3mm,根據廣州降水量偏多的氣候特 點,場地的排水坡度不得少于0.7%,如平整度和坡度達不到上述指標,則需要對場地基礎進行整改,在達到上述要求后,方可進場施工;

2、放線(測量),找出場地的中心點和兩個半圓圓心,并根據此三個定位點拉尺放線,定出場地中線和邊線交點,然后以勾股定理定出場地中角、點、線的準確位置,進而定出各功能點、線的位置;并用墨線或漆線彈出。

3、將草皮搬入場地沿一條邊線的方向攤開,并確保A1卷草中所織的白線與底線相吻合,然后各卷草皮依次由一端的底線向另一端推進,同時,需確保A14A15卷草皮中的白線與中線相吻合,使A28卷草皮中的白線與另一條底線相吻合,在草皮攤開過程中,盡量減少折皺的出現;

4、將另外編織的白色草皮部分,則必須以手工裁剪成寬度為120mm的白線條,放置一邊待用;

5、將綠色草皮各接縫處搭接2-3厘米,用裁草推刀從搭接處中央切開,使兩邊的草皮盡可能搭接緊湊,然后以裁紙刀進行修剪;

6、將2030厘米寬的連接帶沿草皮接縫處鋪開,放入草皮下面,盡量使草皮的接縫位于連接帶的中央(如果被雨水打濕,需晾曬半天使之干燥),然后將萬能 膠水用橡皮刮板均勻地涂刮在連接帶上,再把兩邊的草皮拼合,膠粘于連接帶上,并用橡膠錘捶打,務求使結合部分粘接緊密。如果拉直后拼合處縫隙較大,可在此 處隔2-5厘米割開一道,向接口處拉伸,以確保外形美觀;

7、在草皮基本拼接完畢后,再次拉線定出各功能線、點的準確位置,以裁紙刀切開,抽出切下的草條,將連接帶放入,刮涂膠水,把原先預備好的白色草線放回,膠結后,用橡膠錘反復捶打,務求連接部分黏結緊密。

8、當草皮攤鋪拼接完畢后,草皮上摺折的部份需要以裁紙刀開口,拉直對接,切除重疊的部份,然后膠結;

9、草皮全部粘接完畢后,開始用刷草機進行梳理:第一遍用刷草機將全場的倒伏的草線梳立起來。

10、至此草皮的鋪裝施工全部完成。

 

B、輔料填注方式

1、按4M*4M的規格對全場進行放點,按不同草高的每平方米注砂公斤數將石英砂均勻的攤鋪到規定區域內,用刷草機將石英砂散布均勻并將草線梳起,并縱橫梳理一次。

2、按4M*4M的規格對全場進行放點,按不同草高的每平方米注膠粒公斤數將膠粒均勻的攤鋪到規定區域內,用刷草機將膠粒散布均勻并將草線梳起,并縱橫梳理一次。

3、填充全部完成后,再用刷草機縱橫梳理草纖各一次。

4、工作完成后,依照人造草面層的質量要求進行檢測和清場,對不合格處進行整改。

 

八、50MM人造草面層驗收標準

 

1、外觀:

1)、人造草草色均勻一致,邊線、底線及點位線鑲嵌平滑、順直,顏色均勻一致、無色差。

2)、各功能線、點位線寬度尺寸及定位準確,功能區大小符合標準。

3)、兩幅草皮接縫之間無明顯間隙,粘結緊湊不開膠。

4)、填注的砂和膠粒表面潔凈,充注飽滿,場地平整度誤差范圍不得超過3m直尺1cm。

 

2、輔料和填充物厚度

50MM的人造草需要以下輔料:



3、平整度、坡度

由于人造草皮的厚度由草長決定,而草長是固定的,所以在基礎的平整度、坡度驗收完后,無須再進行人造草平整度和坡度的檢測。

 

4、各點位線距離尺寸精度

對各種功能線、點位線的標記顏色和尺寸均要符合國際足聯規則的要求,誤差不得超過2cm。

只要您按照以上方案正確操作,相信您一定能建造一個優秀的人造草足球場地。

 

自然草足球場

 

足球場工程,要根據建設單位提供的由設計單位設計的圖紙——透水層、盲溝設計圖、塑膠跑道塑膠面層平面布置圖、排水管道平面、高程設計圖而確定工程的技術標準。



一、球場場地標準:

根據國際足球聯合會規定,世界杯足球賽決賽階段使用的足球場必須是68m×105m,邊線和端線外各有2m寬的保護帶,所以標準足球場草坪面積應為72m×109m。通常草坪外還有10~15m的緩沖地帶,多用來設置商業廣告和教練員休息棚。以上是專業足球場的要求,對于田徑足球場,則在草坪外周鋪設周長400m6 ~8條塑膠跑道。

 

二、足球場的測量與標高:

放祥點嚴格按照測設、復核、驗收三步進行。測設、復核人員仔細查看圖紙,.進行放樣數據計算。測設和復核應在不完全相同的觀測條件下進行,對平面放樣點用距離和方向進行檢查,復測和檢查的點位誤差不應大于10毫米,復核合格后交甲方、監理驗收。足球場的標高以塑膠跑道的面層為±000的基準,以此作為足球場的標高基準。

 

三、足球場場地的基礎要求:

足球場的地平是指使用區與周邊非使用區的水平關系。由于各地氣候,原地形和投資力度不同,足球場的地平有水平、淺臺、淺畦和高臺等布局形式。

 

四、足球場排水系統:

足球場排水系統包括排水礫石或碎石層、排水支管、排水總管。

1.足球場地下排水工程采用人字型排水網絡,垂直向下滲水,進入排水支管,排水支管接入四周排水總管,再由排水總管接入空氣換氣系統,該管道既用作排水,又可通過空氣換氣系統進行空氣調節和用于強排水。

2.按設計和平面示意圖,盲溝內埋設φ100mm透水支管(國產),周邊鋪設φ150mm干管。

3.場內地下排水管縱向排水坡度為3(設計要求)。

 

五、足球場土壤換氣系統:

(該系統系美國SoilAir技術公司提供的資料此系統只在較高級球場應用,在此不做詳細介紹。

 

六、足球場結構層:

為了達到足球場工程的要求,場地結構層如下所示:

1、卵石層2、礫石層3、粗砂層4、砂性土壤層

該結構層的特點是:

1)用中砂加上各種有機介質和肥料,形成足球場床坪的種植基層,再加上噴灑系統、排水系統和加溫換氣系統,就形成了一個足球場合理的基層結構,它使足球場保持了良好的三相要求,即:固、氣、水三相,整個場地透氣性能好,排水效果好,為草坪草的根系發育提供了良好的條件,這樣,使草坪更容易成坪,保持良好的草坪層,滿足場地的觀賞功能和使用功能。

2)場地比較平整。而傳統的種植層坪床經多次踐踏,易產生高低不平、不同程度的板結。砂壤種植層可通過打孔、滾壓、覆砂等修復手段,使場地保持平整。

3)對草坪場地的修復比較容易,由于是砂壤土,故對損壞嚴重的草坪,可進行切割、鏟除、修補,修復簡便、容易。

4)這樣結構的場地排水性能好,北方地區夏熱多雨,本場地可確保150mmh的排水量,做到及時排水,場內無積水。

 

七、足球場場地坡度要求:

1.根據足球場使用功能的要求,足球場面層要非常平整。

2.根據足球場地下排水網絡的設置,場地垂直向下滲水,進入排水支管,再進入中央排水總管,直接排出場外。

 

八、草坪草種的選擇、播種:

1.足球場的草種,要求耐磨、耐踐踏、再生能力強、恢復快、抗性強、能適應當地的氣候,色澤均一。

2.目前世界上還沒有象高爾夫球場果嶺專用的足球場草坪草品種,因此只能選用相對耐踐踏和抗逆性強的草種和品種。足球場草坪草在適宜氣候條件下都能良好生長,強度踐踏后均有十分優良的恢復能力。

在熱帶和亞熱帶多雨地區,足球場草坪可選用狗牙根,細葉結縷草,雜交結縷草和地毯草;在南過度帶應選擇較耐寒的狗牙根,結縷草,翦股穎中的ProminentWashington(C-50),高羊茅中的耐熱品種如Houndog, AdventureCrossfire等。為使冬季有綠色的足球場,可用黑麥草補播。一般可根據氣候特點在8月或10月份進行交播。而在溫帶半干旱地區多用高羊茅的細葉品種和草地早熟禾中的抗病品種均適于足球場草坪。

 

九、噴灌系統:

1.噴灌系統采用耐腐蝕的UPVC管,埋地敷設。噴灌水源兩路環合。甲方提供流量28L/S滿足要求,水泵揚程80m即可。管道施工完成后要求進行打壓試驗,試驗壓力為工作壓力的1.5倍。

2.足球場噴頭選用TORO690(或美國萬美PK90、雨鳥9000)系列。噴灑半徑可達20--29米遠,噴頭壓力6.12KGcm2。不噴灌時收縮于地面以下,噴頭頂端有橡膠標準蓋子,能夠保證運動員安全。

3.噴灌系統選用美國品牌TORO系列產品,經我公司廣泛的市場調研與長期施工所積累的經驗,TORO產品大量用于競技場所,在體育場建設中市場占有率大,其技術精度高,質量好,使用壽命長,一般可達25年以上。

(1)噴頭為不銹鋼質地,標準橡膠頂蓋,TORO690系列,灑水時自動升起,關閉時自動縮合,地理式,可保證運動員比賽時的安全。

(2) 根據設計圖紙要求,足球場設置噴頭35個,每個噴頭的噴灑半徑可達到20米,可以調節。設置網式過濾器,噴灑角度30360度可以從頂部調節,能夠充分澆灌草坪場地,確保場地中無漏噴。

(3) 噴灌系統包括TORO控制器、電磁閥,配備濕度感探頭,自動控制噴灑,做到既經濟又實用。噴灑時間與水量可以按需要選擇。

(4)管道選用耐腐蝕的PVC管。

綜上所述,噴灌系統由噴頭、自控器、電磁閥及PVC管組成,交叉式組織噴灌,是當前標準體育場最先進、最常用的噴灑系統。

足球場場地施工流程圖

溝內水流方向,一般由中間向兩端排水,坡度為4‰,施工時根據現場實際情況進行調整,但必須滿足溝內排水流暢。

 

十一、球場基礎及跑道鋪設(略)

 

十二、噴灌管道的施工

1.施工必須符合國家現行的安全、質量和衛生規程中有關規定。

2,遵循先地下、后地上和先深后淺的原則。噴灌管道安裝應先于球場周圍的暗溝及場內濾水盲管施工,待暗溝及盲管施工時派專人看管,對噴灌管道加以保護。

3.根據地區的特定氣候,管道埋深度為80cm左右,據管道的埋深深度,管溝開挖深度低于盲管管底標高,溝底應平整?;靥钔習r應分兩次進行,下層回填土宜用砂土或符合要求的原土,回土密實。

4.管道安裝必須做到橫平豎直,管道完畢后,應進行打壓試驗,試壓時間為30分鐘。試驗結果應符合設計規范及要求。一般要求以噴頭壓力(6.12㎏)的1.5倍,即9㎏為試壓標準,試壓需要得到建設單位的認可和通過隱蔽工程驗收。

5.嚴格控制噴頭的坐標、標高及噴頭半徑。噴頭布置要求噴灑均勻,噴頭標高和位置施工中動態精確校正。噴灑覆蓋面不能有死角。噴頭安裝確保安全,不能傷及運動員。

十三、盲溝施工



1、按照施工圖的要求,盲溝走向彈線放樣。

2、盲溝開挖按設計要求,流水為3‰,以確保排水通暢,盲溝開挖寬度為30厘米,溝的深度為2535厘米,溝內不留虛土。

3、盲溝三側面鋪設窗紗(60)。

4、溝底鋪設10cm厚φ35cm碎石。

5、碎石上鋪設φ100有孔PVC管,PVC管排水口與排水總管接通,并封好接口。

6、用φ35cm碎石覆蓋盲溝,填至盲溝面平。

 

十四、鋪設濾水層

1、測定標高,鋪設15cm2-4-6碎石子。

2、對碎石層進行壓實、找平。

3、在碎石的面層上滿鋪窗沙,作防漏砂層,窗沙搭接寬度不小于10厘米。鋪設平整。

 

十五、鋪設種植層

先在外場將河沙進行過篩,篩去大粒徑石子及雜質,然后按比例摻入土壤改良劑劑,均勻攪拌,攪拌后運進場內,由四周向中心鋪攤至設計要求標高,澆水、壓實、找平直至達到標準為止。

 

十六、建設質量的承諾和工期保證(略)

 

十七、草坪養護方案

 

(一)、組織措施:

為了保持足球場草坪良好的生長,確保成坪后的保修養護,將組織專門的草坪養護班子,由技術人員、操作工人和有關的行政人員,組織草坪革的日常養護,養護人員將按照草坪生長和球場活動的需要:隨時保持與建設單位的聯系,做

好防病、治病、修剪、養護,保持草坪革的良好生長,并按照建設方的要求,適時調整草坪草的生長,以適合球場的要求。

 

(二)、養護方案:

 

1.苗期管理:建植后的新草坪需大約46星期的特殊養護。在此期限間,草坪需頻繁澆水以促進根系活躍生長與扎根。要保持土壤濕潤直到幼苗達到5cm高,然后逐漸減少澆水次數。在這段時期,需供給幼苗充足的肥料以滿足其活躍生長的需要,有利于生長健壯的成熟草坪草的形成。在新草坪首次修剪之前進行輕度滾壓,可以促進草根的分蘗與匍匐莖的生長。要注意的是:在建植草坪后的六個月內,對新建草坪要精心護理,盡量不使用,以減少對幼苗的損傷。

 

2.成坪后的管理;

1)修剪:適時適當的修剪可使草坪保持良好密度、控制雜草、減少病害、維護球場的使用功能。足球場草坪的高度一般保持在4-5cm,在春季每星期修剪一次,在夏季草坪草生長旺期每星期需修剪2次。修剪出的草屑要運出場外處理。

2)施肥:施肥是保持足球場草坪品質的重要措施,施肥的種類和數量要依據當地氣候、土壤、草種使用強度和修剪頻率而定。氣溫高,濕度大,草坪草生長慢,需肥少,反之需肥較少。要隨時注意草坪草的長勢來決定施肥的直接方法。

3)除雜草:發現少量雜草必須人工拔除,雜草數量多時要依靠草坪草的生物學競爭來抑止它們或用化學除草劑來除掉。

4)灌溉:灌溉是足球場草坪草最關鍵的養護管理措施,適時補充土壤水分是常規管理項目。對于足球場草坪要保持其優質品質,必須及時灌溉,通常,種植層干到23cm時就要灌溉,苗出齊后每兩天灌一次水,少量多次是灌溉的原則,一般在施肥后都要隨即灌水,使肥料溶解滲入植物根系生長的土層。

5)覆沙:打孔覆沙的作用是保護草坪的越冬,保持場地平整的重要措施,提高球場表面的彈性,改良土層結構、增加土層的透氣性和透水性。為促進根系發育,覆沙的材料應以細沙為主,適當配以有機肥和緩效化肥。覆沙的厚度每次不得超過0.5厘米,使草坪草不會因覆沙窒息而死。

 

3.比賽前的管理:

比賽前5-7天要對足球場進行綜合培養管理、施肥、灌水、修剪等,在比賽前1-2天劃線鎮壓以使草坪呈現出美麗的外觀。

 

4.比賽后的管理:

比賽后的管理通常包括修復踢翻的草皮,在一些地段輕輕滾壓以消除表面的凹凸不平。在球門損壞十分嚴重的區域,在北草區取草皮進行修補,并進行經常性補播草種,以逐漸更新草皮和保持密度。

 

5.冬季管理:

沙性壤土持水能力差,冬天交水后若遇到連續性相對高溫和大風,土壤水分很快散失,影響草坪的正常生長,因而要在白天溫度高時澆水,澆至土壤表層濕潤為止。不可多澆以免形成積水,進行地熱保溫,以免草坪造成凍害,保持草坪綠色期。

 

十八、施工設備及材料(略)

 



Artificial turf football field



一、The principle of construction

 

When construct a new stadium, we must first consider the location and direction of the venue. General should choose fresh air in the sunny, easy drainage higher place, at the same time the site should be selected longitudinal north-south direction, so that athletes, spectators and other people as much as possible away from strong sunlight; strive to there is enough space around the stadium, for future development; there is close to the city's roads and railways, to make the audience convenient. In addition, to consider the harmonious surrounding environment, and reflect the principle of safety and comfort.

 

二、Construction requirements




Football venues must be absolutely flat, natural, should be equipped with a complete drainage system.

1.Yard line: the venue line to backstop the shortest distance: the distance from the edge is 6 meters, 7.5 meters away from the goal line. In the venue of the sidelines should be not less than 1.5 meters wide turf edge.

2.Sewer: the game must have a drainage system, so as not to affect the game due to heavy rain.

3.First aid: ambulance, fire engines and other direct access to the site.

4.Sites around the billboard: when the new stadium building, placed around the site must pay attention to the line of sight of the billboard unstoppable audience. The maximum height of general billboard is 90 cm, the minimum distance between the pitch line and billboards are: line outside the 5 meters behind the goal line, corner point is 2 meters the goal area line; at the intersection of 3.5 meters.

5.Flagpole: The stadium at least need to install five flagpoles, or related facilities can be suspended at least five flags.

 

二、Football field specifications

 

Football venue is a rectangle, the length of not more than 120 meters or less than 90 meters, the width of not more than 90 meters or less than 45 meters. In any case, the length should be greater than width. FIFA (FIFA) on site accreditation requirements for 105*68 meters.

Standard pitch length of the line is called side line, standard venue width line called the line. The arena by two lines and two lines are formed, each line width (12 cm) are included in the site (see Figure 1), and the buffer around less than 2 meters.

 

三、Ground requirements

 

The slope toward the sides of 4% around 4% in slope slope toward both ends of 3%.




Football field specifications sketch map

The venue is a turtle shaped ground tilt, turf inclination of 4%-5%, which are good for drainage. Players make their high degree of difficulty in training and reasonable collision when the accident happened.

The basis of artificial turf is recommended for the use of economical type C25 cement concrete, thickness of 180mm - 200mm.

 

四、Artificial turf quality requirements for cement based

 

1, the smoothness of the qualified rate in more than 96%, 5 meters straight error 3mm.

2, the slope of curve 8%, 5% straight, flat surface should be smooth, ensure the drainage.

3, the strength and stability of surface cracks uniform solid. No broken edge seams, smooth, with about 6000mm*6000mm cut as well. Cushion compaction, compaction degree is greater than 96%, in medium rolling machine pressure after no significant wheelpath. The surface wave phenomenon. Loose.

4, the water layer: the use of new thickening water film, the overlap should be greater than 200mm, the margin of more than 150 mm.

5, maintenance period: basic maintenance period of 3-4 weeks.

 

五、Football field size (unit: m)



 

六、Standard artificial grass football field construction process

 

A. construction scheme

 

1, before entering the construction of artificial grass products, first of all to roughness on the ground, slope and surface appearance were detected, the error of flatness shall not exceed 3M ruler 3mm, according to the climate characteristics of Guangzhou more precipitation, drainage slope site shall not be less than 0.7%, such as roughness and slope is not up to the above the index, you need to place the basis for rectification, in meet the above requirements, before entering the construction;

2, put the line (measurement), find the center point of the site and the two semi circle, and according to the three point positioning ruler line, set the venue line and sideline intersection, and then set the site in the corner, by the Pythagorean theorem, the exact location of the line, and then set the function point, line position; and mark or paint line appears.

3, the turf moved down a side entrance direction spread, and to ensure that the A1 volume and the bottom line white fabric in the grass is consistent, then followed by the end of each volume turf line to the other end in advance, at the same time, to ensure that the line and line A14 or A15 volume in turf is consistent, the volume A28 the white turf with another line match, on the turf spread process, reduce the wrinkle appears;

4, will also weave white turf part must be manually cut into width of 120mm white line, set aside;

5, the green turf joints overlap 2-3 cm, with grass cutter push from the overlap of the central cut, so that the two sides of the turf as much as possible to close the compact, and then cut with a knife;

6, connect with spread along the turf seams 20 or 30 cm wide, into the grass below, try to make the connection with the turf joint is located in the central (if it is wet, semi dry to dry, and then the angel) universal glue evenly coated with rubber scraper scraping on the connecting belt, put on both sides the turf mosaic, adhered to the connecting band, and with a rubber hammer to beat, thus combining part bonding. If straightened and put together at larger gap, here every 2-5 cm cut a stretch to the interface, in order to ensure the beautiful appearance;

7, the basic turf after the splicing, again pull fixed function of each line, accurate position, with the knife cut, cut the grass out, will be connected with in scraping glue, originally prepared white line back into the grass, after cementation, with a rubber hammer beat repeatedly. In order to bond closely connecting part.

8, when the turf paving after the splicing, the turf pleated part requires opening to straighten paper knife resection overlap, docking, and cementation;

9, turf after all the adhesive, began combing brush grass machine: first time brush grass machine will the lodging grass line comb up.

10, so far the turf paving construction completed.

 

B, Supplementary filling method

 

1, according to the 4M*4M specification on the whole point, according to the different height of grass per square meter kilograms sand filling the quartz sand evenly spreading to the specified area, with brushing machine will be uniformly spread and quartz sand grass line comb, and vertical combing once.

2, according to the 4M*4M specification on the whole point, according to the different height of grass per square meter kilograms will note particles of uniform particles spreading to the specified area, with brush grass particles dispersed homogeneously and the machine will comb the grass line, and vertical combing once.

3, after the completion of all the filling, and then brush the grass machine carding comb each time.

4, after the completion of the work, detection and clearance in accordance with the quality of the artificial grass surface layer requirements for the unqualified for rectification.

 

七、50MM artificial grass surface acceptance criteria

 

1, appearance:

(1) Artificial turf grass is uniform, and the side line、baseline, point bit line with smooth, straight, uniform color, no chromatic aberration.

(2)The size and location of the function lines,the line width and the location of the functional area are in line with the standard.

(3)No obvious gap between the two pieces of turf seams bonded compact not glue.

(4)Filling sand particles and clean surface, filling full, site flatness error range shall not exceed 3M ruler 1cm.

 

2, accessories and filler thickness:

50MM artificial grass needs the following accessories:




3, smoothness, slope

Since the thickness of the artificial turf is determined by the length of the grass, and the length of the grass is fixed, there is no need for further testing of the flatness and slope of the artificial grass after the acceptance of the flatness and the slope of the foundation.

 

4, the precision of each point line distance

For all kinds of functional lines, the marking color and size of the point line shall comply with the requirements of the FIFA rules, and the error shall not exceed 2cm.

As long as you follow the correct operation of the above program, I believe you will be able to build a good artificial grass football field.

 

Natural grass football field

 

The football field project, to design the drawings provided by the design unit according to the construction unit ---permeable layer, the design of blind ditch, the plastic surface layer of plastic runway layout, drainage pipeline engineering and technical standards of plane, determine the elevation design.




一、The stadium site standards:

According to the provisions of the International Football Federation, the use of football World Cup finals must be 68m * 105m line and the line outside the protected 2m wide band, so the standard football field lawn area buffer zone is 72m * 109m. and 10~15m usually lawn, used to set up the commercial advertising and the rest of the coaches the above is a professional football studio. The requirements for football field, laid 6 ~8 400m perimeter plastic runway in peripheral lawn.

 

二、Football field measurement and elevation:

On the point in strict accordance with the survey, review, approval in three steps. Survey, review staff carefully review the drawings. Setting out data calculation. Surveying and review should be carried out in different observation conditions, on the plane by setting out point distance and direction to check, measure and check the error should not be greater than 10 mm, the review qualified after the party, supervision and acceptance. The football field to the elevation of plastic runway surface layer is about 0 of the benchmark, as the elevation base football.

 

三、The basic requirements of football venues:

The football ground refers to the use of district and the surrounding area. The use of non horizontal relationship due to the climate, in shape and different investment in football ground level, shallow, shallow furrow and high form layout.

 

四、The football field drainage system:

The football field drainage system including drainage gravel or gravel layer, drainage pipes, drainage duct.

1.Herringbone drainage network with 1 football field of underground drainage engineering, vertical seepage into the drainage pipes, drainage pipes around the drainage duct by access, drainage duct connected to the air ventilation system, the pipeline is used for drainage, and can be used for air conditioning and drainage through the air ventilation system.

2.According to the design and sketch, blind ditch buried with 100mm water pipe (domestic), laying around Phi 150mm pipe.

3.The underground drainage pipe longitudinal drainage slope is 3% (design requirements).

五、Football field soil ventilation system:

The system is provided by the SoilAir technology company of the United States. This system is only used in the higher level courts.

 

六、Football field structure layer:

 

In order to meet the requirements of the football field, the structure of the site is as follows:

1、The pebble bed  2、Gravel layer  3、Coarse sand layer  4、sandy soil layer

The structural layer is characterized by:

(1) plus a variety of organic fertilizer with medium and medium sand, the formation of the football field bed Ping planting base, plus sprinkling system, drainage system and heating ventilation system, formed the basic structure of a football field and reasonable, it makes the football field to maintain a good three requirements, namely: solid, gas the entire site, water, good air permeability, good drainage effect, provides a good condition for the grass root development, make the lawn easier to maintain good ping, grass layer, meet the ornamental function and use function of the site.

(2) the site is relatively flat. But the traditional planting turf bed layer after repeated trampling, easy to produce uneven, different degrees of compaction. Sandy loam layer can be cultivated through punching, rolling, sand repair method, the site remains flat.

(3) it is easy to repair the lawn, because it is sandy loam, so it can cut, eradicate, repair, repair, and easy to repair.

(4) the drainage performance of this structure is good, the northern region is hot and rainy in summer, this site can ensure the 150mm / h drainage, so that timely drainage, no water in the field.

 

七、Football field pitch requirements:

1.according to the requirements of the use of the football field, the football scene should be very smooth.

2.according to the football field of underground drainage network settings, site vertical seepage into the drainage pipes, then enters the central drainage duct, directly discharged outside.

 

八、Turf grass selection、sowing:

1.football field grass, wear resistance, resistance to trampling, strong regeneration ability, quick recovery, strong resistance, can adapt to the local climate, uniform color.

2.the world is not like a golf course for the football field turf grass species, so only the relative trampling resistance and strong resistance of the species and cultivars. The football field turf grass can grow well under suitable climatic conditions, trampling have very good recovery ability.

In the tropical and subtropical rainy regions, football turf can be selected bermuda grass, Zoysia tenuifolia, Hybrid Zoysia and carpet grass; in the southern transition zone should choose a hardy bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, bentgrass in Prominent and Washington (C-50), resistant varieties such as Houndog in tall fescue Adventure, and Crossfire. In order to make the winter football green, overdrilling. Generally available ryegrass according to the climatic characteristics of overseeding in August or October. In temperate semi-arid region with tall fescue leaves and varieties of Kentucky Bluegrass The resistant varieties are suitable for the football field lawn.

 

九、Sprinkler irrigation system:

1.sprinkler system made of corrosion-resistant UPVC pipe laying underground irrigation water. Two. Party A shall provide the cyclization flow 28L/S 80m can meet the requirements of the pump head. After the completion of the construction requirements for pipeline pressure test, the test pressure is 1.5 times the working pressure.

2.the football field of nozzle was used (or American beauty TORO690 PK90, her 9000) series. Spray radius of up to 20--29 meters, 6.12KG / cm2. spray nozzle pressure shrinkage on the ground below, at the top of the nozzle with standard rubber cover, to ensure the safety of athletes.

3.sprinkler system selects the American brand TORO series of products, through our extensive market research and long-term construction experience, TORO products are used in the arena, stadium construction in the large market share, the technology of high precision, good quality, long service life, a sort of up to 25 years.

(1) the spray nozzle is made of stainless steel, the standard rubber top cover, TORO690 series, automatically rises when the water is turned on, and when it is closed, it will be automatically condensed, which can ensure the safety of the athletes

(2) according to the requirements of design drawings, the football field set 35 nozzle, spray radius of each nozzle can reach 20 meters, can be adjusted. Set the screen filter, spraying angle of 30 - 360 degrees can be regulated from the top, can fully watering the lawn area, ensure no leakage and blowout venues.

(3) sprinkler system includes TORO controller, solenoid valve, equipped with humidity sensor, automatic control spray, so that both economical and practical.

(4) pipeline corrosion resistant PVC pipe.

 

To sum up, the sprinkler system is composed of sprinkler head, automatic controller, solenoid valve and PVC tube, and the cross organization sprinkler irrigation is the most advanced and the most commonly used sprinkler system.

 

Construction flow chart of football field

In the flow direction, generally from the middle to both ends of the drainage, slope is 4 per thousand, the construction according to the actual situation to adjust, but must meet the ditch drainage fluid.

 

十一、The basis of the stadium and runway layingEllipsis

 

十二、Sprinkler pipe construction

1.construction must comply with the relevant national safety, quality and health regulations

2.follow the first underground, on the ground after and deep to shallow. The principle of sprinkler pipe installation should be blind ditch and floor water filter before the tube around the stadium construction, and construction of the blind pipe ditch to be assigned to watch, to protect the sprinkler pipe.

3.according to the specific climatic region, pipeline buried depth of about 80cm, according to the pipeline buried depth, trench excavation depth below the blind pipe bottom elevation, the ditch bottom shall be flat. The backfill should be divided into two times, the lower the soil backfill should comply with the requirements of the original soil with sand or soil, compaction.

4.pipe installation must be horizontal and vertical pipe after completion of pressure test should be carried out, the test time is 30 minutes. The results should be consistent with the design specifications and requirements. The general requirements in nozzle pressure (6.12 kg) 1.5 times, 9 kg for the pressure test standard, try to get approval and by construction unit concealed engineering acceptance pressure.

5.coordinate and strictly control the nozzle, and the nozzle radius. Elevation of sprinkler layout requirements of uniform spraying, accurate dynamic correction of nozzle elevation and construction. Position should not be dead. The coverage of spray nozzle is installed to ensure the safety of athletes, not hurt.

 

十三、Blind ditch construction



1, according to the design requirements, to play the blind ditch line.

2, blind ditch excavation according to design requirements, the water was 3 per thousand, to ensure smooth drainage, blind ditch excavation width of 30 cm, the groove depth of 25 - 35 cm, leaving no soil trench.

3, blind ditch three side laying screens (60 mesh).

4, the ditch laying 10cm thick with 3 5cm gravel.

5, on the 100 hole stone diameter PVC tube, PVC tube drainage and drainage duct connected and sealed interface.

6, 3-5cm gravel covered blind ditch with phi, to fill the blind ditch flat.

 

十四、Laying the filter layer

1, the determination of elevation, laying 15cm thick 2-4-6 gravel

2, compaction of gravel layer, leveling.

3, in the face of the gravel layer on the window covered with sand, sand sand containment, window lap width not less than 10 cm. Paved.

 

十五、Laying the planting layer

The first in the field of sand sieve, sieve to large size gravel and impurities, and then according to the proportion of mixed soil improvement agent, mixing, stirring after the approach, from the periphery to the center to spread out the design requirements of elevation, watering, compaction, looking straight to reach the standard.

 

十六、The construction of the quality of commitment and time limit (Ellipsis)

十七、Lawn maintenance program

()、Organizational measures:

Good disease prevention, treatment, pruning, maintenance, maintain the good growth of turf leather, and in accordance with the requirements of the construction side, timely adjust the growth of lawn grass, in order to meet the requirements of the stadium.

 

()、Conservation programme:

1.seedling management: build new lawn after need special maintenance about 4 to 6 weeks. In this period, frequent watering lawn to promote root growth and root activity. To keep the soil moist until seedlings reached as high as 5cm, and then gradually reduce the number of watering. During this period, the need for adequate fertilizer to seedling in order to meet the needs of active growth, is conducive to the formation of mature turf growth robust. Mild rolling before the new lawn first pruning can promote root tillering and stolon growth. It should be noted that: in the six months after planting lawn in to take care of the new lawn, as far as possible do not use, in order to reduce damage to seedlings.

 

2. The management after into a flat ;

1) pruning: proper pruning can make good turf density, weed control, reduce disease, maintain the course function. The height of football turf is generally maintained at 4-5cm, every week in the spring pruning time, growth in the summer grass stage every week to trim 2 times. Cut out the clippings to transport out of the ground.

 

2): fertilizer fertilization is an important measure to keep football turf quality, type and quantity of fertilizer to the soil according to the local climate, use intensity and grass mowing frequency. And the high temperature, high humidity, turf grass growth slow, need less fat, and less fertilizer. The direct method should always pay attention to the grass to determine the growth and fertilization.

 

3) weed: found a small amount of weeds must be manually removed, a large number of biological competition weeds to rely on turf grass to suppress them or use of chemical herbicides to get rid of.

 

4) irrigation: irrigation is the most important football field turf maintenance and management measures, timely supplement of soil moisture is the conventional project management. For football turf to maintain its high quality, timely irrigation, usually, planting layer dry to 2 3cm when irrigation,once every two days after irrigation water, a few times irrigation principle, in general should immediately after fertilization, irrigation, fertilizer dissolved into the plant root growth of the soil.

 

5) sand: drilling sand's role is to protect the lawn in winter, an important measure to keep site formation, improve the playing surface elasticity, improve soil structure, increase soil permeability and water permeability. In order to promote the development of root system, sand material should be sand based, with appropriate organic fertilizer and slow-release fertilizer the thickness of the sand. Each time shall not exceed 0.5 cm, the grass sand not because of suffocation.


3.Before the game management:

5-7 days before the game to the football field to carry out a comprehensive training management, fertilization, irrigation, pruning, etc., in the first 1-2 days before the game to suppress the lawn to show a beautiful appearance

 

4.After the game management:

After the game the management usually includes repair over turf, in some areas to eliminate the uneven surface of the gently rolling. The damage is very serious in the repair area, north area to take grass turf, and often make seeds to gradually update and maintain turf density.

 

5.Winter management:

Sandy loam with poor water holding capacity, the winter water when the continuity of the relatively high temperature and strong winds, soil moisture quickly dissipated, affect the normal growth of the lawn and in the daytime temperature is high water, poured to the soil surface moisture so far. Not much water so as to avoid the formation of geothermal water, heat preservation, so as not to cause damage of the lawn keep the green lawn, period.

 

十八、Construction equipment and materials (omitted)



東莞市斯波阿斯體育用品科技有限公司

地址:廣東省東莞市虎門赤崗富馬工業區(新治保會對面)

版權所有:斯波阿斯體育   http://www.5366338.live   粵ICP備09140637號

斯波阿斯微信公眾號

斯波阿斯官方微博

希恩配资